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Perspective on 2015 NPT Review Conference
Time:2013-05-11 18:31         Author:Li Hong         Source:军控协会,

 

 
 A View from Chinese Civil Society
LI Hong, Vice President and Secretary General of CACDA
 
Public Event, P5 Conference on the Way to 2015 NPT RevCon
Geneva, April 19, 2013
 
Your Excellencies, distinguish friends, ladies and gentlemen,
 
At the outset, I’d like to thank the Mission of Russia Federation and the Pier Center of Russia for providing me this precious opportunity. It is a privilege and an honor to speak here to such a great audiences. Geneva is the world center for dealing with arms control and disarmament affairs. Your distinguished diplomats and professionals working here are weaving international security nets for the long term peace and stability by establishing or improving the arms control and disarmament regimes. Such an approach as to reduce the arms and military intensity to realize collective security by arms control agreements represents the evolving direction of human civilization.
 
As a cornerstone for international nonproliferation, the NPT has been playing an important role in maintaining international peace and security since its establishment in late 1960s. Although the text of the NPT is static, it is a dynamic regime in real world. Its dynamism is embedded in its spirit and realized by the Review process. The 64-point Action Plan agreed in 2010 Review Conference represents the latest consensus for strengthening the regime. The Action Plan contains measures to advance nuclear disarmament, nonproliferation, peaceful uses, and regional issues. How those measures will have been accomplished until the next Review will be one of the key decisive factors for new consensus in 2015.
 
Since last review, some important events related nuclear field have happened. They might have impacts, big or small, on the coming Review process. I here mention a few of them: Two Nuclear Security Summits were successfully convened and another will be held in the Netherlands next year. The summits not only strengthened the anti nuclear terrorism efforts, but also helped for a stronger nuclear nonproliferation shield. The New START Treaty between US-Russia has been implementing steadily. It shows that nuclear disarmament momentum is continuing. Indonesia ratified the CTBT, an important achievement to the direction of entry into force of the treaty. P5’s working on the definition and terminology in relation to nuclear disarmament seems to be regularized, this is a significant step for preparation of future multilateral nuclear disarmament. These events could be identified as positive developments and might formulate important basis for the success of the 2015 RevCon.
 
Meanwhile, the US-Russia discussion on further reduction has yet to start. Reduction on tactic nuclear weapons still seems to be far from reality. The US NPR implementation study (or review) is delayed repeatedly for release. It gives the impression that the Obama administration’s promise on further reducing the role of nuclear weapons in its national security has encountered unexpected internal resistance. The remaining stalemate in CD and the failure in starting the negotiation of a FMCT will also hit the confidence of the international community on nuclear disarmament. The nuclear accident in Japan in March 2011 brought great negative impact on nuclear energy development and might have long term implication for the third pillar of NPT. The failure to convene a conference on Middle East WMD-Free Zone in 2012, as clearly required by the 2010 RevCon, is now a big obstacle on the way to 2015 RevCon. The Iranian nuclear issue is still pending and the diplomacy on the issue seems to be not very much productive so far. The third nuclear test by DPRK made the denuclearization of the Korea Peninsula more afar an objective. These events will bring more negative influences to the 2015 review process.
 
As being in exactly the mid-way to the next NPT Review Cycle, there is still plenty of time to advance the efforts on implementation of the Action Plan and to address the new challenges. Here I would like to address some of the issues which I think might be crucial to the 2015 Review conference:
 
1) Maintaining the balance among three pillars is of special importance. The three pillars (the nuclear disarmament, nonproliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy) are interlinked to each other. Ignoring any one of them might cause great resistance to the effort for the other. The best approach to get the broadest support and easiest way to build consensus is promoting all the three pillars in a balanced approach.  (军控协会)